Ecology of xerotolerant fungi, with special emphasis on Orbiliomycetes


About 80% of the species of Orbiliomycetes grow on xeric (periodically dry) plant material. The ascocarps are xerotolerant as a whole, which means that all parts survive complete drying out of their cells, a phenomenon known under the term poikilohydry. Depending on the climatic conditions to which these species are adapted, the ascocarps survive several months (temperate climate) up to 2-3 years (semidesert climate).


1. Substrate of xerotolerant fungi

2. History of apothecial growth and substrate decay